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19th Century World Leaders
Otto von Bismarck (1815 - 1898): Topic Page
German statesman, known as the Iron Chancellor. Born of an old Brandenburg Junker family, he studied at Göttingen and Berlin, and after holding minor judicial and administrative offices he was elected (1847) to the Prussian Landtag [parliament].
Jefferson Davis (1808 - 1889): Topic Page
American statesman, President of the Southern Confederacy, b. Fairview, near Elkton, Ky. His birthday was June 3.
Guiseppe Garibaldi (1807 - 1882): Topic Page
Italian patriot and soldier, a leading figure in the Risorgimento. He remains perhaps the most popular of all Italian heroes of the Risorgimento, and a great revolutionary hero in the Western world.
Ulysses S. Grant (1822 - 1885): Topic Page
Commander in chief of the Union army in the Civil War and 18th President (1869–77) of the United States, b. Point Pleasant, Ohio. He was originally named Hiram Ulysses Grant.
Abraham Lincoln (1809 - 1865): Topic Page
16th President of the United States (1861–65). Born on Feb. 12, 1809, in a log cabin in backwoods Hardin co., Ky. (now Larue co.), he grew up on newly broken pioneer farms of the frontier.
Theodore Roosevelt (1858 - 1919): Topic Page
26th President of the United States (1901–1909). Of a prosperous and distinguished family, Theodore Roosevelt was educated by private tutors and traveled widely.
William Marcy "Boss" Tweed (1823 - 1878): Topic Page
US politician; headed the Tweed Ring, a group of Tammany politicians who took control of the financial affairs of New York City about 1870 and misappropriated millions of dollars.
20th Century World Leaders
Andrew Carnegie (1835 - 1919): Topic Page
U.S. steel manufacturer and philanthropist, born in Scotland: endowed public libraries, education, and research trusts.
Walt Disney (1901 - 1966): Topic Page
US film producer, animator, and pioneer of family entertainment, whose career spanned the development of the motion picture medium, and opened Disneyland, his first theme park.
Steve Jobs (1955 - 2011): Topic Page
(1955–) Steve Jobs was born in San Francisco, California on 24 February 1955.
John Muir (1838 - 1914): Topic Page
Explorer, naturalist, and conservationist, born in Dunbar, East Lothian, E Scotland, UK.
Rupert Murdoch (1931 - ): Topic Page
Australian-born US media magnate, founder and head of News Corporation, formed in 1979, with worldwide interests.
Jean-Paul Sartre (1905 - 1980): Topic Page
French philosopher, novelist, and dramatist; chief French exponent of atheistic existentialism.
Alfred Tennyson (1809 - 1862): Topic Page
English poet. He was poet laureate 1850-92. His verse has a majestic, musical quality, and few poets have surpassed his precision and delicacy of language.
Oprah Winfrey (1954 - ): Topic Page
American talk-show host, producer, and actress. Producer and host of The Oprah Winfrey Show (1986-present), Winfrey has also acted in films such as The Color Purple (1985) and Beloved (1998).