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Ancient Rome: Overview
Ancient Rome: Topic Page
Originating as a conglomeration of small pastoral communities scattered across seven neighboring hills along the Tiber River of Italy, Rome grew to become the capital of an empire that encompassed all the territories bordering on the Mediterranean Sea, extending from the British Isles to the Arabian Peninsula.
Wars and Conflicts
Gallic Wars: Topic Page
Campaigns in Gaul led by Julius Caesar in his two terms as proconsul of Cisalpine Gaul, Transalpine Gaul, and Illyricum (58 B.C.–51 B.C.).
From The Columbia Encyclopedia
Three distinct conflicts between Carthage and Rome.
Cities and Regions
Gaul: Topic Page
Ancient designation for the land S and W of the Rhine, W of the Alps, and N of the Pyrenees.
Pompeii: Topic Page
Ancient city of S Italy, a port near Naples and at the foot of Mt. Vesuvius.
Carthage: Topic Page
Ancient Phoenician port in North Africa founded by colonists from Tyre in the late 9th century BC. A leading trading centre, it was in conflict with Greece from the 6th century BC, and then with Rome, and was destroyed by Roman forces in 146 BC at the end of the Punic Wars.