Fabrication involves the falsification, or outright invention, of work, documents, or information as part of any academic assignment. This might include the falsification of data in a lab report or the falsification of a bibliography in a writing assignment; it might mean inventing false statistics to support a claim or altering supportive evidence.
Falsification is essentially a lie we tell about what we actually did and/or how we did it.
Often students are tempted to falsify because they feel like their results are out of sync with the results of others – an experiment that didn’t work right, for instance – but understanding how that result went askew or how things went wrong can itself be a powerful learning experience. Being open to this sort of experience -- learning from and overcoming a set-back -- shows resiliency and is often referred to as having a growth mindset.