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Ancient Greek Philosophers
Socrates (469-399 BCE): Topic Page
Greek philosopher of Athens. Famous for his view of philosophy as a pursuit proper and necessary to all intelligent men, he is one of the great examples of a man who lived by his principles even though they ultimately cost him his life.
Plato (ca. 427-347 BCE): Topic Page
Greek philosopher. Plato's teachings have been among the most influential in the history of Western civilization.
Aristotle (384-322 BCE): Topic Page
Greek philosopher, b. Stagira. He is sometimes called the Stagirite.
Democritus (460-370 BCE): Topic Page
Ancient writers believed that Democritus was the student of Leucippus. They are associated together as the first philosophers to hypothesize that invisible material objects—atoms—make up the universe.
Pythagoras (ca. 582-ca. 507 BCE): Topic Page
Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, founder of the Pythagorean school.
Epicurus (341-270 BCE): Topic Page
Greek philosopher, b. Samos; son of an Athenian colonist. He claimed to be self-taught, although tradition states that he was schooled in the systems of Plato and Democritus by his father and various philosophers.